Alternative NamesCervical cysts, Nabothian cysts
What is Cervical cysts
Cervical cysts is a condition characterizing by a non-cancerous formation of mucus-filled lumps on the cervix. These cysts form when normal tissue on the outer part of the cervix (squamous epithelium) grows over the glandular, mucus-producing tissue of the inner part of the cervix (endocervical canal), trapping mucus and forming cysts. Most cervical cysts are discovered incidentally during a pelvic exam.
Signs and symptoms
In most cases, this condition does not cause any discomfort or symptoms, but some can grow enough in size, making them noticeable and uncomfortable. Other possible symptoms can be:
- Irregular bleeding
- Pain during intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Vaginal Discharge.
In rare cases, cysts become so numerous or enlarged that the cervix becomes enlarged or blocked, making it difficult to take a Pap smear.
The cervix is lined with glands and cells that release mucus. The glands can become covered by a type of skin cells called squamous epithelium. When this happens, the secretions build up in the plugged glands. They form a smooth, rounded bump on the cervix. The bump is called a Cervical cyst.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to prevent this condition. It is under the study.
The treatment is unnecessary. Cervical cysts do not cause any problems. Rarely they may be opened and drained if they are large enough to cause problems with the shape of the cervical canal, which can examinations more difficult.