Alternative NamesFibromyalgia, fibromyalgia syndrome
What is Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Study showed that fibromyalgia increases painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals.
Fibromyalgia is more prevalent in women than in men. Many people with fibromyalgia also have tension headaches, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety and depression.
Signs and symptoms
The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia may include:
- Concentration and memory problems
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Morning stiffness
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Sleep problems
- Swelling, numbness, and tingling in hands, arms, feet, and legs
- Tender points
- Urinary symptoms
Research showed that fibromyalgia does not cause any serious complications. But some symptoms of this disease such as the pain and lack of sleep can reduce your ability to function at home or at work. It can lead to depression and health-related anxiety.
Scientists suggest that the possible cause of fibromyalgia is associated with sleep disturbance, psychological stress or immune, endocrine, or biochemical abnormalities. This disease mainly affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons.
The prevention of fibromyalgia is impossible, but scientists continue working under this problem.
Treatment for fibromyalgia mainly concentrates on minimizing symptoms and improving general health. It includes medicines and therapy.
Most medicines work to decrease the pain and improve sleep. They are:
- Analgesics (acetaminophen (Tylenol), tramadol (Ultram))
- Antidepressants. Duloxetine (Cymbalta) and milnacipran (Savella) may help reduce the pain and fatigue. Such antidepressants as amitriptyline or fluoxetine (Prozac) help to promote sleep.
- Anti-seizure drugs (gabapentin (Neurontin), pregabalin (Lyrica))
There are some therapies that help strengthen your belief in your abilities and teach you strategies for dealing with stressful situations.