Brand NamesCipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR, Cipro I.V., Cipro Cystitis Pack
What is Cipro
Cipro (ciprofloxacin) is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic of the fluoroquinolone drug class.
Side effects of Cipro
- severe dizziness, fainting, fast heartbeats
- sudden pain, snapping or popping sound, bruising, swelling, tenderness or loss of movement in any of your joints
- diarrhea that is watery or bloody
- hallucinations, depression, unusual thoughts or behavior
- seizure (convulsions)
- pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, weakness
- urinating less than usual or not at all
- easy bruising or bleeding
- numbness, tingling or unusual pain anywhere in your body
- the first sign of any skin rash
- severe skin reaction - fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple
- sleep problems (insomnia or nightmares)
Cipro is used to prevent different types of bacterial infections. It can also be used to slow anthrax after exposure.
You should not take Cipro if:
- you are also taking tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- you have a history of myasthenia gravis
- you are allergic to ciprofloxacin or similar medications such as gemifloxacin (Factive), levofloxacin (Levaquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin) and others
- you have joint problems
- you have seizures
- you have kidney or liver disease
- you have diabetes
- you have muscle weakness or trouble breathing
- you have low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia)
- you have a personal or family history of Long QT syndrome
The dosage of Cipro depends on a number of factors, including:
- The infection being treated
- Your age
- Your weight (in children)
- Other medical conditions you may have
- Other medications you are taking.
Cipro Dosage for AdultsThe adult dosage of Cipro is usually between 250 mg and 750 mg every 12 hours for oral Cipro and between 200 mg and 400 mg every 8 or 12 hours for intravenous.
The length of treatment also depends on severity and type of infection. It can be as short as a single dose for treating certain gonorrhea infections or as long as the recommended 60 days for treatment of anthrax exposure.