Food/DietWhy do we consume junk food?
According to a new study, people who do not have enough sleep are more likely to eat junk food.
Researchers found that when people with normal weight looked at unhealthy food during a period of sleep restriction, the reward centers in their brains were more active than when they looked at the pictures after having slept regularly.
The aim of this study was to find out whether there is a co...
Pregnancy/ChildTwins should be born at 37 weeks, researchers recommend
Women pregnant with twins should give birth at 37 weeks to avoid serious complications, according to researchers.
They studied 235 women and found out that babies born to women in the early birth group (37 weeks) were less likely to be small for their gestational age compared with babies born to women in the standard care group (38 weeks or later).
Lead researcher Professor Jodie Dodd fro...
MedicationAffordable and effective treatment of HIV
International researchers reported that an anti-AIDS treatment regimen that includes the drug nevirapine was as effective as a treatment regimen with the more expensive drugs.
The clinical trial involved 500 HIV-infected African women who had not previously taken antiretroviral treatment. Half of these women received antiretroviral therapy containing nevirapine and others took antiretroviral ther...
ObesityHow to shed weight?
A new study revealed that minimizing fat and doing more exercise are the simplest and easy ways to slimming.
Researchers at Harvard Medical School, Boston surveyed 4,000 obese adults. As a result, those who followed the common sense advice were much more likely to lose weight than those who adopted fad slimming regimes, went on liquid diets or bought costly weight-loss supplements.
Heart/LungsInequalities in deaths from heart disease in England
According to researchers, there is a dramatic fall in death rates connected with coronary heart disease in England because of improved treatment for this condition. But improvements in major risk factors are different in richer and poorer people.
The researchers gathered data on death rates from coronary heart disease in England between 2000 and 2007. They found that about half the fall in deaths...
CancerPromising news for people with advanced basal cell carcinoma
According to results from the pivotal Phase II ERIVANCE BCC trial, taking vismodegib once a day may be effective for up to 2,000 people suffering from advanced basal cell carcinoma (aBCC) in the UK.
BCC is the most common type of skin cancer in Europe and nowadays there are no approved drugs for advanced BCC available in the UK.
The study showed that vismodegib cured visible lesions or sh...
DiabetesYoung Americans suffer from type 1 diabetes
A new study showed an increase in type 1 diabetes (T1D) among young people in the United States. The prevalence of T1D in people under age 20 rose by 23% between 2001 and 2009.
The study that involved more than 20,000 participants also found that the rate of incidence or new diagnoses of T1D in this population is rising by 2.7% every year.
‘Today's data dramatizes the critical importanc...
Mental HealthStress in childhood affects brain development
According to researchers, stress may affect brain development in children, altering growth of a specific piece of the brain and abilities connected with it.
Children who had more intense and lasting stressful events in their lives showed worse results on tests of spatial working memory. They had more trouble navigating tests of short-term memory such as finding a token in a series of boxes....
Older PeopleSomething new about Alzheimer's Disease
According to a new study, Alzheimer's disease spreads from one part of the brain to another like an infection. This discovery could aid the development of new treatments to slow its progress.
The Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) study on transgenic mice found that the abnormal tau protein linked to the disease travels along brain circuits, "jumping" from neuron to neuron.
OtherWhat causes childhood headaches?
Italian researchers reported that stress factors were responsible for headaches and migraines in children.
Nowadays, every other child is familiar with the painful condition. In teens between 11 and 18 years of age, migraine affects 7% of boys and 12% of girls.
Researchers studied the headaches and migraine history of 125 children and teenagers. Among those children for whom stress played a...